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Psycholinguistics: Just, Carpenter, and Wooley 1982
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Just, M.A., Carpenter, P.A., and Wooley, J.D. (1982). Paradigms and Processes in Reading Comprehension. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General , 111 (2), 228-238. (doc)
 
This experiment demonstrates the self-paced moving window paradigm, in which participants read by seeing one word at a time in the position it would normally have occupied in the passage. They control, by pressing a button, when the word they are seeing disappears and when the next one appears.
Boland, Tanenhaus, and Garnsey 1990, MacDonald 1993, Foertsch and Gernsbacher 1997, Grosjean 1996

Aaronson, D., & Scarborough, H.S. Performance theories for sentence coding: Some quantitative evidence. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 1976, 2, 56-70.

Carpeneter, P.A., & Daneman, M. Lexical retrieval and error recovery in reading: A model based on eye fixations. Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior, 1981, 20, 137-160.

Carpenter, P.A., & Just, M.A. What your eyes do while your mind is reading. In K. Rayner (Ed.), Eye movements in reading: Perceptual and language processes. New York: Academic Press, in press.

Daneman, M., & Carpenter, P.A. Individual differences in working memory and reading. Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior, 1980, 19, 450-466.

Dee-Lucas, D., Just, M.A., Carpenter, P.A., & Daneman, M. What eye fixations tell us about the time course of text integration. In R. Groner & P. Fraisse (Eds.), Cognition and eye movements. Amsterdam: North Holland, in press.

Forster, K.I. Visual perception of rapidly presented word sequences of varying complexity. Perception & Psychophysics, 1970, 8, 215-221.

Graesser, A.C., Hoffman, N.L., & Clark, L.F. Structural components of reading time. Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior, 1980, 19, 135-151.

Juola, J.F., Ward, N., & McNamara, T. Visual search and reading rapid serial presentations of letter strings, words, and text. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 1982, 111, 208-227.

Just, M.A., & Carpenter, P.A. Inference processes during reading: Reflections from eye fixations. In J.W. Senders, D.F. Fisher, & R.A. Monty (Eds.), Eye movements and the higher psychological functions. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum, 1978.

Kieras, D.E. Component processes in the comprension of simple prose. Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior, 1981, 20, 1-23.

Lawrence, D.H. Two studies of visual search for word targets with controlled rates of presentation. Perception & Psychophysics, 1971, 10, 85-89.

Meyer, B., & McConkie, G.W. What is recalled after hearing a passage? Journal of Educational Psychology, 1973, 65, 109-117.

Mitchell, D.C., & Green, D.W. The effects of context and content on immediate processing in reading. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 1978, 30, 609-636.

MacDonald 1993
This article compares several methods of presenting text, including a new paradigm that produces reading-time data with many of the characteristics of naturally occurring eye-fixation data. IN the new paradigm, called the moving window condition, a reader presses a button to see each successive word in a text, and the previous word is removed when a new word appears. The words appear in the same position that they would in a normal text, and word-length information is available in peripheral vision. The results are qualitatively and quantitatively compared to the results obtained by monitoring the eye fixations of subjects reading normal text. The word-level effects are generally similar. Readers pause longer on longer words, on less frequent words, on words that introduce a new topic, and at ends of sentences. The results suggest that readers initiate the processing of each word as soon as they encounter it rather than buffer words and delay processing. Also considered are two other reading-time paradigms, one in which words are cumulatively displayed on the screen and one in which each successive word is presented at the same location on the screen. Finally, we consider how the tendency to immediately process text might interact with other techniques for text presentation, such as the rapid serial visual presentation (RSVP) condition, and we generate predictions about the nature and limits of the method.
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12-Mar-2002

Brian MacWhinney