STEP E-Prime Scripts: Categorical List

These are sample scripts, replicating classic, unique, or interesting studies in experimental psychology. They are intended both to demonstrate the results of the studies and to show what E-Prime can do as an experiment generation framework. They are free to download, though we ask that you credit this project if you use them in a public context.

If you would like to download the scripts and not look at explanations, you can look at the Script List.

Click on experiment names to find out more information and to download the scripts. Explanations of categories are forthcoming. Any experiment listing that does not include a link (in boldface text) denotes an experiment that was in the queue to be created when funding ran out for this project. Those "missing" experiments will only become available if someone programs them or we get some additional funding.

Alphabetical List

Disclaimer on Software Version
Script Credits
Back to System for Teaching Experimental Psychology

Go To: Attention | Developmental Psychology | Human Factors | Memory
Psycholinguistics | Psychophysiology | Sensation and Perception | Social Psychology

Attention

Auditory Attention: (see explanation)

  1. Cherry 1953
  2. Broadbent 1954 - auditory localization.
  3. Moray 1959
  4. Gray and Wedderburn 1960 - division of attention between the ears.
  5. Treisman 1960
  6. Green and Swets 1966 - signal detection theory.

Attentional Fields: (see explanation)

  1. Posner and Mitchell 1967 - subtractive analysis of levels of processing.
  2. Neisser and Becklen 1975
  3. Posner, Snyder, and Davidson 1980 - spatial cueing.
  4. Eriksen and St. James 1986 - time-course of selective visual attention.
  5. Pashler 1992 - bottleneck effects.
  6. Shapiro, Raymond, and Arnell 1994 - attentional blink.
  7. Kramer and Hahn 1995 - splitting the beam of attention.
  8. Lupiáñez, et al. 1997 - inhibition of return (IOR).

Automaticity: (see explanation)

  1. Stroop 1935 - automaticity of reading.
  2. Navon 1977 - processing global and local features.
  3. Schneider and Shiffrin 1977 - automaticity.
  4. Flowers, Warner, and Polansky 1979 - number stroop.

Features and Pop-out: (see explanation)

  1. Neisser 1964 - visual search.
  2. Treisman and Gelade 1980 - search for features.
  3. Tipper 1985 - negative priming.
  4. Yantis 1993 - stimulus-driven involuntary capture of attention.
  5. Johnston and Schwarting 1996 - pop-out features.

Developmental Psychology
Note: we do not currently have any classic developmental psychology experiments finished for here. If you have one that you would like to see replicated, please email Brian MacWhinney (susanc@andrew.cmu.edu). The one experiment here is itself using an earlier experimental paradigm used to measure basic reaction time and discrimination ability.

Locomotion: (see explanation)

  1. Adolph 1995

Language: (see explanation)

  1. Sheppard and Lane 1968
  2. Kuhl 1991
  3. Saffran et al. 1997
  4. MacWhinney et al. 2000 - language in children with focal brain lesions.

Mathematics: (see explanation)

  1. Piaget, Inhelder, and Szeminska 1960
  2. Siegler 1988

Vision: (see explanation)

  1. Vurpillot 1968

Human Factors

(see explanation)

  1. Hyman 1953 - Hick-Hyman Law.
  2. Welford 1968 - Fitt's Law
  3. Newell and Rosenbloom 1981
  4. Santee and Egeth 1982 - measuring accuracy and reaction time.
  5. Klahr and Carver 1988
  6. Klapp 1988 - Human Factors workload.

Memory

Short Term Memory: (see explanation)

  1. Brown 1958 - duration of primary memory.
  2. Peterson and Peterson 1959 - recall of individual items.
  3. Sperling 1960 - iconic visual memory.
  4. Waugh and Norman 1965 - decay vs. interference.

Working Memory: (see explanation)

  1. Baddeley 1966 - acoustic confusability in working memory.
  2. Sternberg 1966 - scanning through working memory.
  3. Wickens 1972 - release from proactive inhibition.
  4. Daneman and Carpenter 1980
  5. Conway and Engle 1996 - general capacity theory.

Long Term Memory and Transfer: (see explanation)

  1. Kirkpatrick 1894 - serial position effects
  2. Craik and Watkins 1973 - retention does not guarantee storage.
  3. Craik and Tulving 1975 - depth of processing.
  4. Jacoby 1983 - implicit memory.
  5. Barclay and Wellman 1986

Schema and Categories: (see explanation)

  1. Tulving and Pearlstone 1966 - availability versus accessibility in memory.
  2. Posner and Keele 1968 - creation of category prototypes.
  3. Thomson and Tulving 1970 - associative encoding of words.
  4. Bransford and Franks 1971 - schema-based memory.
  5. Loftus and Palmer 1974
  6. Brewer 1977 - pragmatic implications.
  7. Roediger and McDermott 1995 - false memories.

Mental Operations: (see explanation)

  1. Conrad 1964 - acoustic confusions.
  2. Paivio 1965 - paired associate learning and imagery.
  3. Bower 1972 - paired-associate learning and imagery.
  4. Cooper and Shepard 1973 - mental rotation.
  5. Huttenlocher and Presson 1973
  6. Metzler and Shepard 1974
  7. Ertel and Bloemer 1975
  8. Kosslyn 1976 - mental imagery.
  9. Weldon and Roediger 1987 - picture superiority effect.

Psycholinguistics

Phonology: (see explanation)

  1. Glushko 1979 - gang effects in reading.
  2. Swinney 1979
  3. Perfetti, Bell, and Delaney 1988 - automatic phonological processing during reading.
  4. Lukatela and Turvey 1994a - phonological processes in reading.
  5. Lukatela and Turvey 1994b - phonological processes in reading.

Sentence Interpretation: (see explanation)

  1. Clark and Chase 1972 - sentence-picture verification.
  2. Rayner, Carlson, and Frazier 1983
  3. Just, Carpenter, and Wooley 1982 - moving window paradigm in reading.
  4. Boland, Tanenhaus, and Garnsey 1990 - verb control information.
  5. MacDonald 1993 - noun-adjective ambiguities.
  6. Foertsch and Gernsbacher 1997 - gender-neutral pronoun use.
  7. Kempe and MacWhinney 1999
  8. MacWhinney-Bates - actor identification in pseudosentences.
Errors: (see explanation)
  1. Marslen-Wilson 1975

Word Identification: (see explanation)

  1. Meyer and Schvaneveldt 1971 - spreading lexical activation.
  2. Rumelhart and McClelland 1982 - perceiving letters within words.
  3. Grosjean 1996 - gating.

Acquisition (Adults): (see explanation)

  1. Palermo and Eberhart 1968 - analogy for learning morphology.

Psychophysiology

Brain: (see explanation)

  1. Poffenberger 1912 - crossed-uncrossed differences in reaction time.
  2. Walter et al. 1964
  3. Kornhuber and Deecke 1965
  4. Sutton, Braren, and Zubin 1965
  5. Kutas and Hillyard 1980
  6. Coles and Rugg 1995

Face: (see explanation)

  1. Ekman and Friesen 1978

Sensation and Perception

Psychophysics: (see explanation)

  1. Fechner 1856
  2. Stevens 1972

Aesthetics: (see explanation)

  1. Garner 1970 - the aesthetics of "figure goodness".

Auditory Illusions: (see explanation)

  1. Warren and Warren 1970 - auditory illusions.
  2. Gulick 1971
  3. Massaro 1987

Visual Illusions: (see explanation)

  1. Helson 1964 - adaptation-level theory in a relative size illusion.
  2. McCollough 1965 - McCollough effect.
  3. Jung and Spillman 1970
  4. Schiffman 1982 - visual illusions.
  5. Ramachandran 1992 - the filling-in of blindspots in vision.

Personal Performance: (see explanation)

  1. Luchins and Luchins 1950 - mental set and operations.
  2. Bilodeau, Bilodeau, and Schumsky 1959 - knowledge of results.
  3. Koriat, Lichtenstein, and Fischhoff 1980 - overestimation of knowledge.
  4. Baranski and Petrusic 1994 - overconfidence in motor performance.
  5. Baranski and Petrusic 1995 - confidence in motor performance versus general knowledge.

Social Judgement: (see explanation)

  1. Higgins, Rholes, and Jones 1977 - priming of impression formation.
  2. Myers and Lamm 1976
  3. Hamilton, Katz, and Leirer 1980 - impression formation versus memory instructions.
  4. Nisbett and Ross 1980
  5. Bodenhausen and Lichtenstein 1987
  6. Judd and Park 1988

Communication: (see explanation)

  1. Leavitt 1951
For more information or to send corrections or additions, contact Brian MacWhinney at Carnegie Mellon.